Urolithiasis (stones)

Urolithiasis affects half a million people who end up in emergency rooms for this reason every year. In most cases, the stones pass through the body naturally, but some stones can cause complications and require surgical treatment. The stone is a hard mass made of crystals that are components of urine. It is formed inside the urinary tract in any of their segments. It can be found in the kidney or ureter.

Surgical treatment of urolithiasis:

These are classic or laparoscopic surgical procedures involving the opening of body cavities; this type of treatment is mainly used in patients on whom endoscopic methods have failed, or who require simultaneous correction of anatomical abnormalities of the urinary tract, and also in case of large deposits that did not qualify for endoscopic treatment.

Urolithiasis is a recurrent disease. It is estimated that new deposits will occur within 5 years in approximately 30% of patients, and within 10 years in 50% of the patients. The analysis of stone composition and metabolic assessment consisting in checking the diet and performing urine and serum tests in order to detect factors leading to the formation of deposits in the urinary tract are of fundamental importance for effective preventive management. Factors predisposing to recurrent urolithiasis include bowel diseases with malabsorption, urinary tract infections, some medications, but above all too low supply of fluids in the daily diet. All patients after surgical (endoscopic classical) treatment of urolithiasis remain under constant urological care and, if necessary, undergo treatment.

ESWL, PCNL and some URSL procedures are performed by Medicover Hospital’s partner facilities. The decision about undergoing treatment at a particular facility is made by a doctor during the qualification visit, based on the patient's medical records. Qualifications for the procedures are carried out by Dr Piotr Dzigowski at the Hospital Consultation Center, the visit lasts 20 minutes and the cost of the visit is 190 PLN.